Sure, we can all point the the saddle and the handlebars, but, if you're just starting out in cycling, components such as the chainrings and cassette can be a little harder to identify. Well fear not, here's our guide to the most important parts of a bike.
The bike frame forms the main structure of a bike. From road bikes to commuter bikes, mountain bikes and cyclocross bikes, frames come in lots of different shapes and sizes to suit different styles of riding. Getting a good quality frame is a good starting point when buying a bike as many of the other parts and components can be adapted, upgraded and replaced over time without changing the frame itself. Make sure the frame gives you the best riding position for its intended use and get the right size for ultimate comfort and performance.
The chainset of your bike includes the cranks, bottom bracket and chainring. These components are fundamental to the drive chain which is essentially the engine, driving the bike forward. There are many different options when it comes to chainsets but the key to performance is to find a set up that suits your riding activities best.
Road bike chainrings include compact (good for sportive style riding), standard (high gears for hill climbing) and triple chainrings (good range and low gears, good for touring bikes). For MTB you can choose between triple (good for hill climbing), double (good range of gears for both climbing and descending) and single chainrings (simplified setup becoming more popular with 11 speed cassette).
Cranks Arms are turned by placing force on the pedals and they then rotate the front chainrings. Standard crank arms on older bikes are usually made of steel so an upgrade to aluminium or carbon can make good weight savings. You can also buy different sizes to suit your leg length too.